3 Examples of Nominal Group Technique

The nominal group technique is a brainstorming tool that can be used to collect data and ideas from a group of people. It is a structured way of brainstorming that allows for the clarification of ideas and the identification of the best solutions to a problem.

NGTs can be used in a variety of ways, depending on the specific needs of the project. For example, they can be used to collect ideas, review options, clarify understanding, and generate suggestions.

Nominal group techniques are a set of procedures used to find consensus among a group of people. They are commonly used in project management, particularly during the brainstorming and decision-making phases.

A nominal group technique is a structured process used to elicit ideas and opinions from a group of people. It is commonly used during the brainstorming and decision-making phases of project management.

NGTs are similar to focus groups in that they both involve a group of people working together to generate ideas or solve problems. However, NGTs are more structured than focus groups, and they typically yield more actionable results. If you are looking for a creative and effective way to collect data and ideas from a group of people, the nominal group technique is an excellent option.

Nominal Group Technique
Nominal Group Technique

When to use the Nominal Group Technique?

The Nominal Group Technique is particularly well suited for problems that are complex or difficult to solve. It can also be used when there are conflicting ideas among stakeholders.

The technique is also useful for decision-making purposes, as it allows all stakeholders to have a say in the final decision.

Why use Nominal Group Technique?

The Nominal Group Technique is powerful because it is an effective way to collect data and ideas from a group of people. It is a structured approach to brainstorming that allows for the clarification of ideas and the identification of the best solutions to a problem.

Also, NGT is an important tool for project managers because it helps create more objective ideas than regular brainstorming by involving all stakeholders in the decision-making process.

A key component of project management is obtaining input and feedback from all stakeholders. This can be a challenge, as stakeholders may have different objectives and priorities.

If you’re looking for a way to improve your project management skills, then learning how to use NGT is a great place to start. The technique is particularly well suited for problems that are complex or difficult to solve. It can also be used when there are conflicting ideas among stakeholders.

How to use the Nominal Group Technique

The Nominal Group Technique can be used in a variety of settings, from business to education to healthcare. The technique can be adapted to different group sizes and different types of problems.

Identify the Problem

To use the technique, first, identify the problem or issue that needs to be addressed. You should take no more than 25 mins to introduce the topic to be discussed. Next, select a group of people to participate in the brainstorming session. This group should include people with different perspectives on the problem. Once the group has been assembled, each member of group should generate ideas independently. Each person should write down as many ideas as possible, without evaluating or judging them.

Collect Responses

After all, ideas have been generated, each idea should be read aloud and discussed as a group. The group should then vote on the best ideas. The ideas with the most votes are then further discussed and elaborated on.

Review the Responses

The facilitator will ask each member to share one or two of their ideas with the group. The facilitator will then write all of the ideas down on a flipchart or whiteboard. The facilitator will then ask the group if there are any duplicates or similar ideas, which can be combined. All of the final ideas should be listed on the flipchart or whiteboard.

Voting to prioritize ideas

The next step is for each member of the group to vote on the ideas that they think are most important or should be given priority. Each member should be given a set number of votes (e.g., three votes) that they can distribute however they want among the final list of Ideas. The idea with the most votes should be given priority. 

Give Priority 

Review and finalize the list of ideas. The last step is for the group to review the final list of prioritized ideas and make sure that they are satisfied with it. If not, they can go back and revise their votes. Once the group is satisfied with the final list, it can be written down or recorded in some way for future reference.

3 Examples of Nominal Group Technique

NGT is used in different ways depending on the needs of a specific project,  for example, it can be used to collect Ideas review options clarify understanding, and generate suggestions for a common application.

Three Nominal Group Technique examples in project management:

  • Brainstorming new software features
  • Construction project planning
  • Reviewing and rating supplier proposals

(1) Brainstorming new software features

You can use an NGT to brainstorm new features if you’re developing a new software application. This is typically done at the beginning of the project before any coding has begun.

To brainstorm features, each group member should generate a list of ideas independently. 

Once everyone has finished, each person should share their ideas with the group. 

The group should then discuss and record all ideas.

Finally, each member should vote on the best ideas. The features with the most votes should be included in the final product.

(2) Construction project planning

Construction projects are often complex and multi-faceted, making it difficult to make decisions without input from multiple stakeholders.

An NGT can be used during the planning phase of a construction project to ensure that all stakeholders have a say in the project’s direction.

To do this, each stakeholder should generate a list of ideas independently. Once everyone has finished, each person should share their ideas with the group.

The group should then discuss and record all ideas. Finally, each member should vote on the best ideas. The construction project plan should include the features with the most votes.

(2) Reviewing and rating supplier proposals

When reviewing supplier proposals, it’s important to get input from multiple stakeholders to ensure that all perspectives are considered. An NGT can be used to collect and assess feedback from multiple reviewers.

To do this, each reviewer should generate a list of pros and cons for each supplier proposal independently. 

Once everyone has finished, each person should share their thoughts with the group. The group should then discuss and record all ideas.

Finally, each member should vote on the best supplier proposal. The proposal with the most votes should be chosen as the winning bid.

When it comes to using power tools that can be used in project management to generate ideas, prioritize tasks, and make decisions it is important to understand which one can suit you better for your project.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Nominal Group Technique

Advantages

  • Allows for the collection of data and ideas from a group of people in a structured way
  • Clarifies ideas and allows for the identification of the best solutions to a problem
  • Can be used in a variety of settings, from business to education to healthcare
  • Can be adapted to different group sizes and different types of problems
  • Is particularly well suited for problems that are complex or difficult to solve

Disadvantages

  • Some members may not feel comfortable sharing their ideas in front of others thereby impacting the quality of results.
  • Also if the facilitator is not experienced or skilled enough results may be skewed and not effective for very large groups.
  • Another disadvantage of NGT is that it may not always result in an accurate consensus. The results of NGT may be influenced by the opinions of the group members, which can lead to a biased decision
  • It May require more time than other brainstorming techniques
  • It May be less effective with groups that are not well-organized or coordinated

Nominal Group Technique vs Brainstorming

Nominal Group Technique (NGT) and Brainstorming are both popular methods for generating ideas and solutions in a group setting. Though they share some similarities, there are also several key differences between the two techniques.

NGT is a structured method that involves each member of the group working independently to generate ideas. These ideas are then shared with the group and anonymous votes are used to select the best ideas. Brainstorming, on the other hand, is a more unstructured method where ideas are generated spontaneously in a group setting.

If you need to generate a large number of ideas quickly, brainstorming may be the better option. But if you need to generate high-quality ideas or solutions, NGT may be the better choice.

Nominal Group Technique vs Delphin Technique

There are a variety of techniques that can be used in project management, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. 

The three most popular techniques are the Delphi, Nominal Group Technique (NGT), and Brainstorming. 

Each strategy combines quantitative and qualitative features to expose differences in thinking while obtaining informed consensus quickly.

Both of these techniques have their own strengths and weaknesses, so it’s important to understand the differences between them before deciding which one to use.

The nominal group technique is a structured way to gather information from a group of people. On the contrary, the Delphi Technique as it is more detailed and can be a slower process, but most importantly that is for isolated responses.

It is often used when there is a need to make a decision quickly and there is not enough time to gather detailed information. The Delphin technique can be more effective in generating ideas and solutions.

FAQs

What is Nominal Group Technique?

The Nominal Group Technique (NGT) is an effective brainstorming tool that can be used to gather data and ideas from a group of people. It is a structured way of brainstorming that allows for the clarification of ideas and the identification of the best solutions to a problem.

When can Nominal Group Technique be used?

This technique is useful when a group needs to generate a large number of ideas, or when there is a need to reach a consensus on a problem. The process involves each member of the group writing down their ideas, which are then discussed and narrowed down to a final list.

How to use the Nominal Group Technique in project management?

It can be a five-step process that begins with brainstorming to generate ideas, followed by Identifying the problem or topic to discuss, collecting responses, reviewing the responses, voting to prioritize ideas, and finalizing by giving priority

What is the difference between the Nominal Group Technique and Delphi Technique?

The Delphi technique is a structured method for gathering information from a group of experts. It is often used when there are few people involved. While NGT is a brainstorming technique that works with whole members of a group to contribute ideas and solutions.

What are the advantages of the Nominal Group Technique in project management?

This can be beneficial for project managers who need to generate a large number of ideas in a short period of time. Also, it reduces the amount of time needed to generate new ideas. This is because NGT uses a round-robin format, which allows each member of the group to contribute an idea before moving on to the next person.